Drawing from examples in Germany, California, and Australia, we show that large scale integration of renewable energy in existing electricity grids does not necessarily lead to cheaper electricity, the strengthening of energy security, or the enhancement of economic equity. Indeed, efforts to integrate renewable energy into the grid can thwart efforts to reduce chronic poverty. Planners around the world need to be cautious, pragmatic and realistic when attempting to similarly decarbonize their energy systems.
Written by Chukwuka G. Monyei, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Marilyn A. Brown, Kirsten E.H. Jenkins, Serestina Viriri and Yufei Li