Summary roadmap

Key messages:

  • Massive expansion of cheap renewables will provide emission-free electricity and make deep electrification of all sectors a key pillar for climate neutrality.
  • Beyond electrification, innovation, development and diffusion of currently immature technologies (hydrogen, e-fuels, CDR) is required to decarbonise hard-to-abate sectors like heavy industry, freight transport and aviation.
  • A substantial increase in the strength and ambition of EU climate polices is essential in order to achieve ambitious climate targets for 2030 and 2050.
  • The consistency of climate policy with broader industrial and socio-economic policies will be essential if the full economic benefits are to be realised and potential negative effects avoided.

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