Entries by Panagiotis Fragkos, Kostas Fragkiadakis and Leonidas Paroussos

Reducing the Decarbonisation Cost Burden for EU Energy-Intensive Industries

Carbon leakage features prominently in the climate policy debate in economies implementing climate policies, especially in the EU. The imposition of carbon pricing impacts negatively the competitiveness of energy-intensive industries, inducing their relocation to countries with weaker environmental regulation. Unilateral climate policy may complement domestic emissions pricing with border carbon adjustment to reduce leakage and […]

D 3.7 Report on decarbonisation in the power sector

Summary This document presents a series of research papers which provide insights regarding how the power sector can drastically reduce carbon dioxide emissions until 2050. They analyze how different flexibility options like transmission grid expansion, storage and hydrogen electrolysis can facilitate the integration of high shares of variable renewable energies; and how tighter EU-ETS targets, […]

D 3.8 Report on decarbonisation in residential and services sectors

Summary The buildings sector represents an essential component of the European energy system. In 2015, the sector consumed 38% of the European final energy. Buildings accounted for 15% of CO2 emissions, when considering only on-site emissions, and 34% when also including induced emissions from energy supply (e.g. emissions from the generation of electricity consumed in […]

Beyond the Energy System: Modelling Frameworks Depicting Distributional Impacts for Interdisciplinary Policy Analysis

Since the signing of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by the United Nations Member States and the Yellow vest movement, it is clear that emission‐reducing policies should consider their distributional impacts to ensure a sustainable and equitable growth compatible with the Paris Agreement goals. To this end, the design of environmental and energy policies […]

Low-Carbon R&D Can Boost EU Growth and Competitiveness

Research and Innovation (R&I) are a key part of the EU strategy towards stronger growth and the creation of more and better jobs while respecting social and climate objectives. In the last decades, improvements in costs and performance of low-carbon technologies triggered by R&I expenditures and learning-by-doing effects have increased their competitiveness compared to fossil […]

Patenting and business outcomes for cleantech startups funded by the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy

Innovation to reduce the cost of clean technologies has large environmental and societal benefits. Governments can play an important role in helping cleantech startups innovate and overcome risks involved in technology development. Here we examine the impact of the US Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) on two outcomes for startup companies: innovation (measured by patenting […]

Dispossessed by decarbonisation: Reducing vulnerability, injustice, and inequality in the lived experience of low-carbon pathways

This study examines the justice and equity implications of four low-carbon transitions, and it reveals the “lived experiences” of decarbonisation as manifested across Africa and Europe. Based on extensive, original mixed methods empirical research – including expert interviews, focus groups, internet forums, community interviews, and extended site visits and naturalistic observation – it asks: How […]

The short-term costs of local content requirements in the Indian solar auctions

Developing and emerging economies are implementing local content requirements to spur domestic manufacturing, though their costs and benefits are not well understood and difficult to quantify. Here, we provide an empirical assessment of the short-term costs of local content requirements using a credible counterfactual. We analyse data on government-run solar photovoltaic auctions held in India […]

Diffusion of flue gas desulfurization reveals barriers and opportunities for carbon capture and storage

Addressing climate change may require rapid global diffusion of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). To understand its potential diffusion, we analysed a historical analogy: Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) in the global coal power market. Our findings challenge common patterns: diffusion of FGD is not described by a single S-curve but by multiple steps and does […]