Entries by innopaths

Decarbonising Industry

Key messages: Policy makers need to support technology development and diffusion in the decarbonisation of industrial sectors and address associated socioeconomic issues. Deep decarbonisation of industry by 2050 requires an increased rate of deployment of existing technologies and the emergence of breakthrough technologies in manufacturing. The strong involvement of all stakeholders must be secured for […]

Decarbonising Transport

Key messages: Strong policies are needed to push the EU transport system towards adopting zero-emission technologies tailored to the different transport markets across the EU. Short-term transport decarbonisation priorities include the mass adoption of electric vehicles with a low-carbon electricity generation. Investing in charging infrastructure is key to solve the “chicken-egg” problem for the widespread […]

Decarbonising Buildings

Key messages: Decarbonising European homes will require governments to ensure clear and supportive governance structures to establish, monitor and enforce effective energy efficiency building regulations. Energy efficiency, along with the reduction in the carbon content of the energy consumed, is an essential enabler of decarbonisation of buildings. Heat pumps are likely to be key for […]

Decarbonising Electricity

Key messages: A net-zero EU in 2050 requires net-zero electricity emissions by 2040. Achieving net-zero electricity emissions by 2040 in the EU is possible and affordable. Net-zero electricity emissions by 2040 requires existing instruments to be tightened and extended in order to set out a clear long-term pathway to this goal. There are technical challenges […]

Channeling diverse innovation pressures to support European sustainability transitions

Innovation patterns and processes must be aligned, and harnessed and accelerated across multiple domains to address our climate objectives and wider sustainability challenges. In this Perspective, we draw from original case studies on specific technologies and their related innovation systems in agriculture, buildings, electricity, ICT, industry, and transport across Germany, Italy, Poland, and the United […]

INNOPATHS final conference – register now!

“Innovation pathways, strategies and policies for the low-carbon transition in Europe” – 31 May & 1 June 2021 The partners of the Horizon 2020 research project INNOPATHS – Innovation Pathways, Strategies and Policies for the Low-Carbon Transition in Europe, are pleased to invite you to the project’s final conference. The event will be held online […]

The impact of energy prices on socioeconomic and environmental performance: Evidence from French manufacturing establishments, 1997–2015

This paper evaluates the impacts of large increases in energy prices on socioeconomic and environmental performance of French manufacturing establishments over the period of 1997–2015. We identify energy price effects using a shift-share instrument for establishment-specific prices. Our results highlight trade-offs between environmental and socioeconomic goals: increases in energy prices reduce substantially energy consumption and […]

Understanding green good specialisation in EU countries: new facts from new data

Filippo Bontadini and Francesco Vona outline their findings from constructing and analysing a new dataset identifying green production in the EU, important information for understanding how the European Green Deal can succeed in transitioning the Union to climate-neutrality by 2050. In December 2019 the European Commission announced the European Green Deal, a policy initiative setting […]

User innovation, niche construction and regime destabilization in heat pump transitions

Domestic heating systems require a rapid shift to low-carbon options to meet global climate targets. We analyse a heat pump transition in two contrasting case studies: Finland and the United Kingdom, utilizing original data from interviews, document analysis, and archival online data. Finland has an almost completed transition, while the United Kingdom can be considered […]

Volatile Photovoltaics: Green Industrialization, Sacrifice Zones, and the Political Ecology of Solar Energy in Germany

The development of solar energy has been depicted as a paradigmatic break in unsustainable global growth, largely because it is framed as an innovation with minimal carbon emissions. On the contrary, drawing on literatures from spatial justice and political ecology, including on authoritarian populism, this article analyzes the rise and fall of the solar industry […]