Entries by innopaths

Decarbonising Buildings

Key messages: Decarbonising European homes will require governments to ensure clear and supportive governance structures to establish, monitor and enforce effective energy efficiency building regulations. Energy efficiency, along with the reduction in the carbon content of the energy consumed, is an essential enabler of decarbonisation of buildings. Heat pumps are likely to be key for […]

Decarbonising Electricity

Key messages: A net-zero EU in 2050 requires net-zero electricity emissions by 2040. Achieving net-zero electricity emissions by 2040 in the EU is possible and affordable. Net-zero electricity emissions by 2040 requires existing instruments to be tightened and extended in order to set out a clear long-term pathway to this goal. There are technical challenges […]

Channeling diverse innovation pressures to support European sustainability transitions

Innovation patterns and processes must be aligned, and harnessed and accelerated across multiple domains to address our climate objectives and wider sustainability challenges. In this Perspective, we draw from original case studies on specific technologies and their related innovation systems in agriculture, buildings, electricity, ICT, industry, and transport across Germany, Italy, Poland, and the United […]

INNOPATHS final conference – register now!

“Innovation pathways, strategies and policies for the low-carbon transition in Europe” – 31 May & 1 June 2021 The partners of the Horizon 2020 research project INNOPATHS – Innovation Pathways, Strategies and Policies for the Low-Carbon Transition in Europe, are pleased to invite you to the project’s final conference. The event will be held online […]

The impact of energy prices on socioeconomic and environmental performance: Evidence from French manufacturing establishments, 1997–2015

This paper evaluates the impacts of large increases in energy prices on socioeconomic and environmental performance of French manufacturing establishments over the period of 1997–2015. We identify energy price effects using a shift-share instrument for establishment-specific prices. Our results highlight trade-offs between environmental and socioeconomic goals: increases in energy prices reduce substantially energy consumption and […]

Understanding green good specialisation in EU countries: new facts from new data

Filippo Bontadini and Francesco Vona outline their findings from constructing and analysing a new dataset identifying green production in the EU, important information for understanding how the European Green Deal can succeed in transitioning the Union to climate-neutrality by 2050. In December 2019 the European Commission announced the European Green Deal, a policy initiative setting […]

User innovation, niche construction and regime destabilization in heat pump transitions

Domestic heating systems require a rapid shift to low-carbon options to meet global climate targets. We analyse a heat pump transition in two contrasting case studies: Finland and the United Kingdom, utilizing original data from interviews, document analysis, and archival online data. Finland has an almost completed transition, while the United Kingdom can be considered […]

Volatile Photovoltaics: Green Industrialization, Sacrifice Zones, and the Political Ecology of Solar Energy in Germany

The development of solar energy has been depicted as a paradigmatic break in unsustainable global growth, largely because it is framed as an innovation with minimal carbon emissions. On the contrary, drawing on literatures from spatial justice and political ecology, including on authoritarian populism, this article analyzes the rise and fall of the solar industry […]

How has external knowledge contributed to lithium-ion batteries for the energy transition?

Innovation in clean-energy technologies is central toward a net-zero energy system. One key determinant of technological innovation is the integration of external knowledge, i.e., knowledge spillovers. However, extant work does not explain how individual spillovers come about: the mechanisms and enablers of these spillovers. We ask how knowledge from other technologies, sectors, or scientific disciplines […]

Who are the victims of low-carbon transitions? Towards a political ecology of climate change mitigation

This study critically examines 20 years of geography and political ecology literature on the energy justice implications of climate change mitigation. Grounded in an expert guided literature review of 198 studies and their corresponding 332 case studies, it assesses the linkages between low carbon transitions—including renewable electricity, biofuel, nuclear power, smart grids, electric vehicles, and land […]